April 7, 2021
The core of the Forum`s work is based on the “1958 Agreement” officially titled “Agreement on the Adoption of Uniform Technical Rules for Wheeled Vehicles, equipment and parts that can be mounted and/or used on wheeled vehicles and the conditions for mutual recognition of permits issued on the basis of these requirements” (E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2, amended on 16 October 1995). It will be a legal framework in which participating countries (contracting parties) agree on a common set of technical requirements and protocols for the reception of vehicles and components. These were previously referred to as “EEC-UN regulations” or, less formally, “EEC regulations” with regard to the Economic Commission for Europe. However, since many non-European countries are now parties to the 1958 agreement, the regulations officially refer to them as “UN regulations”.   In accordance with the principle of mutual recognition set out in the agreement, the type receptions of each party are recognized by all other contracting parties. Most countries, even if they do not formally participate in the 1958 agreement, recognize the provisions of the United Nations and reflect the content of UN regulations in their own national requirements, or authorize the importation, registration and use of UN vehicles or both. The two main exceptions are the United States and Canada (excluding lighting requirements); UN regulations are generally not recognized and UN compliant vehicles and equipment are not permitted for importation, sale or use in both regions unless they are considered to be in compliance with regional vehicle safety legislation or restricted non-traffic (e.g. B car show screens).  From 2016[update], participants in the 1958 agreement with their UN country code: From 2015[update], 135 UN regulations were attached to the 1958 agreement; most prescriptions relate to a single component of the vehicle or a single vehicle technology.
This results in a sub-list of rules for passenger cars (heavy vehicles, motorcycles, etc.) may be subject to derogatory provisions. The 1958 agreement is based on the principles of type reception and mutual recognition. Any country that adheres to the 1958 agreement is entitled to review and approve the design of a product regulated by a manufacturer, regardless of the country in which that component was manufactured. Each design of each manufacturer is counted as a single type. Once a member country has granted a reception by type, any other member country is required to make a requirement and to consider that vehicle or its equipment to be legal for importation, sale and use. Items received in accordance with a UN regulation are marked with an E and a number within a circle. The number indicates the country that approved the article and other letters and numbers surrounding it indicate the exact version of the regulation or the receipt number. The 1998 agreement on the establishment of global technical rules for wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts that can be mounted and/or used on wheeled vehicles is a subsequent agreement. Following its mission to harmonize vehicle regulations, the EEC-UN resolved the main problems (administrative provisions relating to type reception against self-certification and mutual recognition of receptions) that prevented countries not signatories to the 1958 agreement from participating fully in their activities. The first signatories to the 1958 agreement included Italy (28 March), the Netherlands (30 March), Germany (19), France (26), Hungary (30 June), Sweden and Belgium.
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